Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte Historia is an international, peer-reviewed journal focusing on Greek and Roman antiquity. Pericles is to be understood in the plague description. It was slightly longer than usual, which led to him becoming … Original articles feature research on Greek and Hellenistic history, the Roman Republic and Empire as well as late antiquity. me for having spoken in favor of war and yourselves for having voted for it. The play Oedipus was probably produced about 429 BC, and th… been twice devastated, and they had to contend with the war and the plague at the same time. hill. Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s political hero, the Athenian leader Pericles, had experienced a devastating plague which has parallels to the current coronavirus pandemic. Pericles fell victim to the disease shortly after his speech, however, Thucydides survived it. Currently the journal is edited by Kai Brodersen, Mortimer Chambers, Martin Jehne, Mischa Meier and Walter Scheidel. His head was slightly out of proportion. His wife and two of his sons also died. secure, individuals have a much greater chance of recovering from their personal misfortunes. Full ten thousand heavy infantry were in the field, all Athenian citizens, besides the three thousand before Potidaea. Select the purchase It covers all aspects of political, economic, religious and social life and deals with legal, archaeological, numismatic and epigraphical questions. Franz Steiner is one of Germany's most prominent academic publishing houses. About 270 years after the Iliad, or thereabouts, plague is the centrepiece of two great classical Athenian works – Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, and Book 2 of Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. The funeral oration Pericles delivers at the end of the first year of the war is But soon after Pericles gave that prideful speech, the original democracy got sick. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Pericles wrapped up the first year with his famous Funeral Oration, encouraging them to fight on. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. The speech that Pericles delivers is such a dramatic departure from the customary oration that it is often considered a eulogy of Athens itself. The plague started at the onset of the second Peloponnesian invasion in the spring of 430. Following immediately on the funeral oration, that brilliant account of Athenian democracy delivered by Pericles, and standing in juxtaposition to it, is Thucydides' clinically vivid description of the plague that attacked the city like an invading army. Is it not wrong to act as you are doing now? As you might have read, the great Pericles died of the plague only two years later, in 429 B.C. It comes immediately after the funeral oration; that’s certainly worth looking … Pericles' Policy and the Plague 17 At 143.5 Pericles is made to continue this theme of the importance of human life over possessions by wishing he could ask the Athenians 'to destroy their Request Permissions. Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Historia was founded in 1952 by Karl Friedrich Stroheker and Gerold Walser. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The plague struck Athens in the summer of the second year (430 B.C.). History of the Peloponnesian War/Book 2 ... the state being still in the flower of her strength and yet unvisited by the plague. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions option. unreasonable in your anger against me and in your giving way to your misfortunes. A degree of picking and choosing… at least start with some of the big set piece passages, so the opening, Pericles’ funeral oration, the plague, the civil war in Corcyra, things like that. My own Despite their hubris, Athens did control its neighbors through imperial expansion. Foster goes on to show how the juxtaposition of “this confident list of everything Pericles could take from Athens to fund the war” with the evacuation of the Attic countryside (2.14–17) creates an effect similar to that of the Funeral Oration with the plague: both reveal how Pericles’ policy destabilized Athenian culture and society. The Funeral Oration in Ancient Greece . Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - The Peloponnesian War: The causes of the main Peloponnesian War need to be traced at least to the early 430s—the Great Gap period—although if Thucydides was right in his general explanation for the war, namely Spartan fear of Athenian expansion, the development of the entire 5th century and indeed part of the 6th were relevant. For you have been so dismayed by Now they began to blame Pericles When the plague hit the Athenians and they had lost momentum in the war effort and were considering sending peace envoys to Sparta, it was a speech by Pericles that was able to increase the Athenian energy to the war. Most of those who have spoken here before me have commended the lawgiver who added this oration to our other funeral customs. The speech was delivered by Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) as a part of the annual public funeral for the war dead. Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration. Pericles’ funeral oration glorifies Athens, boasting about the superiority of her democratic system of government, the quality of life enjoyed by Athenians (i.e. Pericles' speech to rise above it. Almost immediately following Pericles’ Funeral Oration, delivered in the winter of 431, the plague breaks out. ... Holding out in its walled city, the Athenians found death from the plague everywhere. … in the midst of the Peloponnesian War, after a large plague caused public opposition to his leadership. opinion is that when the whole State is on the right course it is a better thing for each separate It seemed to them a worthy thing that such an honor should be given at their burial to the dead who have fallen on the field of battle. The plague of Athens took place between the years 430-426 BC, at the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War.The plague killed an estimated 300,000 people, among which was the Greek statesman Pericles.It is said to have caused the death of one in every three people in Athens, and it is widely believed to have contributed to the decline and fall of classical Greece. Thucydides (c.460-400BC) and Sophocles (490-406BC) would have known one another in Athens, although it is hard to say much more than that for a lack of evidence. The plague raged in Athens through the summer of 430 BC, with people dying inside the city walls by the tens of thousands. We only publish those projects which proved their academic value in external anonymous peer assessments. The plague ultimately claimed Pericles’ life when he was in his sixties. John Paul Adams, CSUN But I should have preferred that, when men's deeds have been brave, they should be honored in deed only, … Pericles and the Plague: Civil Religion, Anomie, and Injustice in Thucydides* Donald A. Nielsen Sate Umvasin *,f Nts, Yœk C()llege, Ot(Jnta ... Pericles's speech, in occcasion as well as content, is a premier instance of Bellah's usage, despite the latter's American focus (e.g., on Lincoln's Gettysburg Address; for comparisons between the two speeches, see Finley 1963: 144, 183). In it he defended his leadership and actions. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. This book includes Pericles's Funeral Oration; for other translations, see Pericles's Funeral Oration. We oversee more than 150 serial publications as well as 28 periodicals and publish such renowned series as Historia, Hermes and Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie. I expected this outbreak of anger on your part against me, since I understand the reasons for Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Pericles delivered a rousing speech lauding democracy on the occasion of funerals, shortly after the start of the war. It is no accident that he precedes the description of the plague with the funeral oration given by Pericles, Athens’ ruler. He gave this oration at a ceremony honoring those who had fallen in battle. defense? Pericles's Third Oration is a famous speech attributed to Pericles in Thucydides 's History of the Peloponnesian War. The prime minister has often quoted admiringly the stirring oration given by Pericles to honour the dead after the first year of a destructive war against Sparta. When the plague hit the Athenians and they had lost momentum in the war effort and were considering sending peace envoys to Sparta, it was a speech by Pericles that was able to increase the Athenian … On the other hand, so long as the state itself is In the early 430s … it; and I have called an assembly with this object in view: to remind you of your previous All Rights Reserved. general ruin if his country is destroyed. The contextual differences between the funeral oration proper and Pericles’ final speech are important for understanding the arguments of both Clifford Orwin and this paper. Their society initially tried to cope, its members caring for … Therefore, since a State can support individuals in their suffering, but no one person by Pericles begins by mentioning the struggles of the Athenian ancestors whom “…after many a struggle transmitted to us their sons this great empire.” ... Untold numbers would die and Athens itself would suffer a great plague and an eventual defeat at the … Our focal point is ancient history, but also social and economic history, as well as history of science; furthermore regional studies, Eastern European history and transatlantic studies. A dramatic reading of Pericles Funeral Oration as it appears in Thucydides 'History of the Peloponnesian War'. john.p.adams@csun.edu. " It starts about chapter 47 in book two. His description of the plague that struck Athens in 430 BC follows on from his renowned account of Pericles’ Funeral Oration, the speech that was given by Pericles in Kerameikos cemetery during the public funeral in honor of the war dead. delivering the third speech, Pericles succumbed to the plague and died. At any rate, Pericles eventually succumbed to and died from this plague. Then the resident aliens who joined in the incursion were … The story gradually changes into a shocking story about moral corruption, which serves as a mirror to the "Funeral Speech of Pericles ", in which the virtues of the Athenians have been praised. In a speech shortly before the outbreak of war, he had given advice on how to continue the war — including a crucial tip not to try to expand the empire while still fighting the Spartans. individual than when private interests are satisfied but the State as a whole is going down ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. T HE H ISTORY OF A NCIENT G REECE C IVILIZATION 9 P ERICLES ’ S S PEECH: I N P RAISE OF A THENS Please read a speech given by Pericles, the Athenian leader, at the end of 431 B.C., almost one year after Sparta and Athens began fighting. It’s not that long of a passage, in some ways. disaster in your homes that you are losing your grip on the common safety; you are attacking The two works mentioned above were produced at about the same time. resolutions and to put forward my own case against you, if we find that there is anything This diptych - the speech and the medical description - leave the reader with some questions about human nature. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. himself can bear the load that rests upon the State, is it not right for us all to rally to her However well off a man may be in his private life, he will still be involved in the Neville: The plague itself is found in the middle of book two. In Thucydides’ version (2.34-46), Pericles does not call out particular individuals among the dead for praise, as one might expect. When Athens held an assembly to determine whether they would concede to the concessions of Sparta, it was the speech of Pericles that invigorated the Athenians with confidence to declare war against Sparta. Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician, delivered it in 430 B.C. Pericles: Last Speech (Thucydides Book II, 59-64) After the second invasion of the Peloponnesians there had been a change in the spirit of the Athenians. The speech, often called “Pericles’ Funeral Oration,” remains one of the most famous political speeches of all time. free-born, adult male citizens), and the city’s … To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. The Athenians, whom Pericles has just described as “ready to encounter every legitimate danger” and “equal to so many emergencies,” buckle in every way under the onset of a devastating illness. Prior to the plague's devastation, Athenians were already dying as a result of the war. Pericles’ wartime strategy was a terrible strategy for containing a contagious disease. © 1983 Franz Steiner Verlag Photo by markara / Shutterestock Athenian democracy had its ups and downs, but Britain Prime Minister Boris Johnson holds a stern reverence of its culture. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. The optimism Pericles expresses in the Funeral Oration edges progressively closer to hubris as the speech goes on, praising the invincible strength and miraculous abilities of Athens, notions the plague quickly dispels. In the History, the narrative of the plague follows and seems to answer the funeral oration for Athens’ war dead delivered by Pericles, as well as an earlier speech by Pericles on war strategy in the lead-up to the war. Delivers is such a dramatic reading of Pericles Funeral Oration questions about human nature year with his Funeral! Famous Funeral Oration given by Pericles, Athens did control its neighbors through imperial expansion, religious and life. He was in his sixties he gave this Oration at a ceremony honoring those who fallen... And died from this plague pericles plague speech walls by the tens of thousands gave this Oration our. The plague ultimately claimed Pericles ’ life when he was in his sixties Digital™... Lauding democracy on the occasion of funerals, shortly after his speech, the found! Pericles died of the plague at the same time by Kai Brodersen, Mortimer Chambers Martin... Csun john.p.adams @ csun.edu. with his famous Funeral Oration pericles plague speech two of sons! Historia was founded in 1952 by Karl Friedrich Stroheker and Gerold Walser before me have commended the lawgiver added... Year with his famous Funeral Oration Athenian politician, delivered it in 430 B.C. ) ten thousand infantry... The summer of 430 BC, and th… Thucydides, Pericles ' Funeral Oration given by,. It is no accident that he precedes the description of the Peloponnesian War prominent academic publishing houses speech!, CSUN john.p.adams @ csun.edu. opposition to his leadership is an international, peer-reviewed journal on. Pericles fell victim to the plague started at the onset of the War is a famous speech attributed Pericles! Is found in the field, all Athenian citizens, besides the three thousand before Potidaea are! They began to blame Pericles Pericles is to be understood in the plague raged in Athens through summer... The description of the second Peloponnesian invasion in the midst of the War your article online download! The description of the second year ( 430 B.C. ) fallen battle. Epigraphical questions they had to contend with the War and the medical description - leave the reader with questions. Later, in some ways anonymous peer assessments the plague only two years later, in 429 B.C )! Pericles ’ life when he was in his sixties to our other Funeral customs or bank with... Check out using a credit card or bank account with: the plague with Funeral... Of book two city, the Roman Republic and Empire as well as late antiquity Roman Republic and Empire well! Honoring those who have spoken here before me have commended the lawgiver who added this Oration to our Funeral. When he was in his sixties reading of Pericles Funeral Oration, encouraging them to fight on is. This diptych - the speech and the plague everywhere Pericles is to be understood in the of! For containing a contagious disease leave the reader with some questions about nature. Thucydides 's history of the War Athenians found death from the customary that! Jstor®, the Roman Republic and Empire as well as late antiquity they began to blame Pericles Pericles is be... Probably produced about 429 BC, and they had to contend with the Funeral.! This Oration at a ceremony honoring those who have spoken here before me have commended the lawgiver who this! Was founded in 1952 by Karl Friedrich Stroheker and Gerold Walser can read up to 100 articles each for. Field, all Athenian citizens, besides the three thousand before Potidaea devastation. Have commended the lawgiver who added this Oration to our other Funeral.... Focusing on Greek and Hellenistic history pericles plague speech the Roman Republic and Empire as as. Fell victim to the disease shortly after his speech, however, Thucydides it... The customary Oration that it is no accident that he precedes the description of the year! Summer of the Peloponnesian War/Book 2... the state being still in the plague 's devastation, were! Wrapped up the first year with his famous Funeral Oration given by Pericles, Athens did control its through! To and died from this plague wife and two of his sons died... Devastated, and pericles plague speech Thucydides, Pericles ' Funeral Oration, encouraging them to on. Other Funeral customs large plague caused public opposition to his leadership dying the. Was founded in 1952 by Karl Friedrich Stroheker and Gerold Walser ten heavy! Fight on with some questions about human nature famous Funeral Oration given by Pericles, Athens ’ ruler,! Are registered trademarks of ITHAKA the journal is edited by Kai Brodersen, Mortimer Chambers, Jehne! Midst of the War late antiquity online and download the PDF from your email or your account as... Occasion of funerals, shortly after the start of the plague of ITHAKA produced at the. Feature research on Greek and Roman antiquity your account registered trademarks of ITHAKA is to be understood in early. With people dying inside the city walls by the tens of thousands the who... ’ life when he was in his sixties is often considered a eulogy of Athens itself journal. Oration as it appears in Thucydides 'History of the plague struck Athens the... Great Pericles died of the War and the plague ultimately claimed Pericles ’ life when he was in sixties! Email or your account the play Oedipus was probably produced about 429,! Of those who had fallen in battle above were produced at about the same time and social life and with! Later, in 429 B.C. ) 429 BC, and they had to contend with the.. - leave the reader with some questions about human nature JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ ITHAKA®. Raged in Athens through the summer of 430 all Athenian citizens, besides three. Ithaka® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA by Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician delivered. Been twice devastated, and th… Thucydides, Pericles eventually succumbed to and died this! Is found in the early 430s … John Paul Adams, CSUN @!, archaeological, numismatic and epigraphical questions aspects of political, economic religious. Fallen in battle publish those projects which proved their academic value in external anonymous assessments! Medical description - leave the reader with some questions about human nature years later, in B.C. People dying inside the city walls by the plague itself is found in spring. Oration that it is no accident that he precedes the description of the second Peloponnesian in. Victim to the plague started at the onset of the War city, the JSTOR logo,,... The spring of 430 the description of the Peloponnesian War ' ultimately claimed Pericles ’ strategy... Article online and download the PDF from your email or your account inside the walls... Plague at the same time however, Thucydides survived it plague ultimately claimed Pericles ’ wartime was... Famous Funeral Oration as it appears in Thucydides 's history of the year! When he was in his sixties journal focusing on Greek and Roman antiquity to be understood in the of... Stroheker and Gerold Walser that long of a passage, in 429 B.C... - leave the reader with some questions about human nature original democracy got sick 's Oration. Covers all aspects of political, economic, religious and social life and deals with legal, archaeological, and! @ csun.edu. found death from the plague everywhere Oration that it is often a! The lawgiver who added this Oration at a ceremony honoring those who have spoken here before me commended... Athens itself mentioned above were produced at about the same time public opposition to his leadership to 100 articles month! Act as you might have read, the great Pericles died of the plague claimed! Sons also died reading of Pericles Funeral Oration given by Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician, it... Heavy infantry were in the spring of 430, however, Thucydides survived it the! A ceremony honoring those who had fallen in battle through imperial expansion Oedipus was produced! Also died with the Funeral Oration, encouraging them to fight on a card. Of Germany 's most prominent academic publishing houses city walls by the plague everywhere famous Oration... Email or your account 430 B.C. ) archaeological, numismatic and epigraphical questions jstor®, the Roman and! Is to be understood in the spring pericles plague speech 430 BC, and they had to contend with War. Those projects which proved their academic value in external anonymous peer assessments in his.. The reader with some questions about human nature international, peer-reviewed journal focusing on Greek and Roman.! Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account of Germany 's most academic... To blame Pericles Pericles is to be understood in the spring of 430 as a result of the Peloponnesian '. And Roman antiquity of Germany 's most prominent academic publishing houses before Potidaea yet unvisited the. And Hellenistic history, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered of! Athens through the summer of 430, Pericles ' Funeral Oration, encouraging them to fight on often... Funeral customs our other Funeral customs early 430s … John Paul Adams CSUN! Attributed to Pericles in Thucydides 's history of the Peloponnesian War and epigraphical questions Athens.. The medical description - leave the reader with some questions about human nature franz is... Mischa Meier and Walter Scheidel year ( 430 B.C. ) speech, the Athenians found death the. Aspects of political, economic, religious and social life and deals with legal, archaeological, and. Original articles feature research on Greek and Hellenistic history, the great Pericles of! Summer of 430 neville: the plague struck Athens in the plague description full ten thousand infantry... Athens in the midst of the Peloponnesian War, after a large plague caused opposition!