Read this blog post and watch the video we made of common composite deck problems. Raise low spots with shims. Choose a simple deck design because it is right for you. When all the sleepers are screwed down, take a few minutes to double-check for flatness. Spacers let you run sleepers parallel to the house so decking can run perpendicular to the house (if that's what you prefer). Then we removed and mitered the border boards and trimmed the sleepers to final length. Many also believe once it’s installed they’ll never have to do any maintenance to their new deck. But beware of some situations and then start your work. As it turned out, it was over 120 sq ft! Cost: The cost of building a patio deck depends mostly on the decking you choose. Pour A Concrete Slab Over A Concrete Slab, #3 Porch Conversion Video - Duration: 7:29. Decks are popular backyard features, but they also make for dramatic front entries. Instead of removing those concrete front steps, save some time by building a wood deck over and around them. My old, ugly, original concrete porch has now been covered over with a gorgeous wood porch that adds so much character to the front of my house. ft. of patio. Dig 2-3′ deep holes and set the posts into concrete, if you want to get the job done in a professional manner. The largest rugs are typically 9 x 12 ft. That may not cover your entire patio, but just covering most of an ugly patio makes a huge difference. In most cases, this project is also less expensive than a new patio installed by a contractor. To keep step heights equal, you’ll have to raise the treads by the same distance you raise the patio (2-1/2 to 3-1/2 in.). But it can be covered up—and this article will show you how. In this how to build a screened in porch article, we’ll show you the key steps for building this porch. First, you have to attach risers/sleepers to the concrete and then the porch boards can be screwed to the risers. We cut the fascia into strips and screwed them to the sleepers. Follow proper safety precautions, including wearing eye protection when using power tools. When I was thinking through the details for our farmhouse front porch makeover, I knew from the very beginning we would want to do something to makeover the concrete steps. Building A Wooden Deck Over Concrete One 6 Steps With Pictures Instructables. In general, a deck footing is usually used if it is going to be higher than your waist or larger than 100 square feet. But you can’t just put wood porch/deck boards directly onto concrete. Don't spend thousands of dollars (or break your own back) having it demolished. But if you know—or even think—that you have moving cracks, you have to choose a patio upgrade that can “float” over moving cracks without becoming damaged. But it's also expensive. The quickest way to hide damaged concrete—or just add color—is with an outdoor area rug. Decks, Deck Patio Porch, Concrete Patio Repair, Deck Over Patio, Patio … Trex decking flush with the M. bathroom floor extending into the private garden. That slows you down, strains your drill and overheats the bit. That's because cracks tend to move. With a coat of resurfacer, you can make an old patio look like new concrete quickly and cheaply. Cracks, craters and seasonal movement along cracks are no problem. Steps: 1. Materials: Aside from the decking, here's an estimate of what you'll need to cover 100 sq. Drill holes through each counterbore and into the concrete for tap-in masonry anchors. Hey, some of you have been ignoring our great deck how-tos because you think you can’t build a deck over your patio slab. One is to place "sleepers" (or treated joists) over the concrete slabs (adjust the heights to account for the differences in the slabs to make them equal in height). When we reached the end of the deck, we removed the center divider board and cut it to final length. This only gives you one and a half inches of air space between the concrete porch and the underside of the deck boards. There’s a few considerations you need to think about before attempting to take on this project. For example, if you just want to build a square pergola in the middle of a larger deck, you can make it 10 ft (3.0 m) by 10 ft (3.0 m). It is also a good way to cover up peeling paint, slight chipping and discolored concrete. Required fields are marked *. They are one of the few products you can install directly over old concrete patios and porches. The ultimate solution for a hopeless slab If you run sleepers parallel to the house and set them directly on the concrete, each sleeper will block runoff. The ideal scenario is to pour a concrete slab for the porch, which can then be further embellished with a slate or quarry tile floor. This homeowner had an old concrete front porch that had a large crack down the center. You can get a hammer drill for less than $50 that will do the job. That meant a big reservoir after rain—and water in the basement. The bottom of the boards would be wet while the tops of the boards would be exposed to wind and sun so the top of the deck boards would be dry. Some become uneven as one side of the crack sinks. Look for the highest hump in the patio and fasten your first sleeper there. The helical screw pile replaces the concrete footing + embedded post bracket used in conventional deck construction. I saw a lot of power washing in our future! It is essential to decide if you are going to build a free-standing deck or if you will attach it to the house. Cut PVC trim boards to wrap around stoop using circular saw. And tile is a great way to turn a bland patio into a showpiece. Most models are cordless, but you can still find inexpensive corded models online. Deck And Cover View Along The Way. Set a 4-ft. straightedge on each sleeper, both across it and along it. To correct that, we shaved off the sod with a spade, dug out a couple of inches of soil and replaced the sod. At the other end of the patio, a corner of the slab had sunk slightly below the level of the soil and rainwater pooled there. What is a sleeper system? They're available in a huge range of colors, designs and prices. Drill through sleepers, spacers and into the concrete with a hammer drill, then drive in concrete screws. To clear the dust, pull the bit completely out of the hole once or twice while drilling each hole. For complete step-by-step instructions, see How to Cover a Concrete Patio With Pavers. Home Decor. Your email address will not be published. Instead of removing the concrete just build right over the top. Then work outward from the high spot, adding sleepers and checking for flatness along each sleeper and across them. ft. or three times that. But with spacers, water can run under the sleepers. You can repair cracks and resurface over them, but the cracks may return. It would also create two different moisture levels in the deck boards. At first I wanted to paint them white, but when we decided to replace all the porch flooring, I wanted the treads to match new wood. Whether your patio is in bad shape or just bland, there are many ways to revive it. A coat of stain followed by a coat of sealer transforms a patio in a weekend and is one of the least expensive options. Cover the patio with a thin layer of sand lay pavers over it and the results look like a standard paver patio. If you are building an overhead to cover an existing patio, you must first determine if local codes allow setting it directly on the slab and, if so, is the concrete thick enough to support the weight. Also consider buying an impact driver. You could build a wood porch, but wood porch building requires more elaborate design. But there are downsides: You'll have to reseal every one to three years and may eventually have to restain it. The weather over the last couple of days has been gorgeous, so I’ve taken advantage of it and made some pretty good headway on my front porch makeover. You would then cover the sleepers with either deck boards or a high quality exterior plywood. Sign up for our newsletter! Quikrete Concrete Resurfacer and Sakrete Flo-Coat are two common brands. If you live in a climate that has freezing temperatures it’s a good idea to seal any cracks with a good concrete caulk to prevent water from seeping into the cracks. If you have a crumbling concrete patio that needs replacing, you should consider installing a deck using Fiberon® composite decking, available in a range of stunning colors that complement any space. Some grow wider over time, while others shrink and widen as the soil freezes and thaws. But consider spending $100 or more. That's partly because it's a big one (14 x 28 ft.). Installing decking over a concrete patio raises the level of the patio. When Chels and I started discussing the particulars of what we wanted to do in the backyard, and researching the feasibility of building a wooden deck atop an existing cement patio, the lightbulb went off for her, and she asked me, “Why couldn’t you do this on the front porch, too?” So, I went out and measured the porch. Interlocking plastic tiles simply snap together; no need to fasten them to the patio. 2. As a result of all the problems as well as class action lawsuits on numerous brands we don’t recommend or sell any composite decking products for now. But beware of these three situations: Time: Covering a patio with decking typically takes a weekend or two. masonry drill bits (minimum drilling depth of 3-1/2 in.). Even though how to build a porch project is a large project, most of the construction is straightforward. If kept damp, common grades of treated wood will eventually rot. If you live in a climate where the ground freezes, allow an extra 1/2 in. Common grades of treated lumber will rot if kept permanently damp, and flashing tape is the best insurance against that. It is easy to do and can be built by most do-it-yourselfers. Article by Family Handyman. If your patio isn't cracked, you could choose any of the options below or stain, tile or resurface the concrete. Just mix the cement-based powder with water and spread it over the patio. Next, mark the railing height on the posts with a pencil and double-check the distance between the posts. How to Build a Porch Over Concrete Cheryl form Missouri writes: I have a porch that consists of 2 slabs, each about 8 foot by 12 foot, with one being approximately 7-8 inches higher. A slab with this much damage can’t be fixed. The simpler you can make your deck plan, the faster and cheaper it will be to build. You can avoid the cost and mess of tearing it out by just screwing down wood sleepers and decking over it. Cleanup and Preparation. A concrete slab provides a firm, stable base for pavers. If your patio is in good shape, you'll get a flat plane automatically. While the front porch was still structurally strong it was not visually appealing. Building a Raised Deck Over Concrete Patio. Plus, you can install Fiberon decking easily over a patio or on a rooftop space on a sleeper system. Complete DIY projects like a pro! Floating decks installed above the ground floor add to the curb appeal of multi-story facilities. Even if we removed the austere concrete slab, the patio door threshold was barely above grade. August 2019. How to Build a Deck Over a Concrete Patio. If you want a standard decking design—all the deck boards running one direction—all you need are rows of parallel sleepers. Use pressure-treated lumber when building the front porch, as the components will be exposed to bad weather. If like us, you have an old concrete stoop that has more than seen better days, rather than going through the hassle of tearing it out, why not give it a facelift? ft.), but expect a weekend or two of hard labor. It is an easy part of the process. Do you need to replace a broken, ugly, stained concrete patio? Apply foam adhesive to back of trim. We chose a composite decking surround as we liked the low-maintenance factor and wood look. In low spots, where we had to stack up shims, we switched to 3-3/4- in. If you decide to try this method you should try to find narrower deck boards like 4 inch wide decking opposed to the standard 6 inch wide deck boards. Less expensive versions are plastic only. This project raises the level of your patio by 2-1/2 to 3-1/2 in. Building Over an Existing Slab. We recommend our users to update the browser. To cover the ends of the sleepers, we used a deck “fascia” board made from 1/2-in.-thick PVC. From concrete stains and epoxy coatings to a variety of enclosures, there are several ways to go about this. But they do need to form a flat plane. Then, the deck flooring boards literally ‘snap’ into place on the clip-in accessories. You could build a wood porch, but wood porch building requires more elaborate design. But the biggest time factor was the unevenness of the patio surface. In addition they are naturally slip resistant and naturally resistant to rot, decay and wood boring insects. On the steps, I would totally agree - if you pour concrete and build the steps over them with sleepers and pressure-treated lumber, they will be totally solid. Installing deck boards over sleepers is just like installing them over standard deck framing. You can repair cracks and resurface over them, but the cracks may return. 3) You can build a floating deck over concrete on your own The best deck railing patterns often consist of double top and bottom rails and sandwiched porch railing pickets. Space your joists according to standard spacing codes for residential builds (no more than 16 inches on center). If you want a more complicated decking pattern, like the one in this project, you'll need doubled sleepers to support any boards that run perpendicular to the others (see Figure A). Impact drivers pack a lot more torque than standard drills or drivers and will drive concrete screws much better. This is how you build a structurally sound deck without concrete. I want to build a ground level deck in my backyard to cover an existing concrete patio slab that is 3x8 and 5" thick. 38. Instead of removing the concrete just build right over the top. They're easy to use and almost invisible. There is an easier method however to put a new wood deck directly over the top of your old concrete porch. Saved from familyhandyman.com. You should consider coating your concrete in a sealer or concrete since concrete wicks moisture it can add more moisture to the underside of your deck boards. If you’ve built decks or sheds, you’ll be able to tackle this job with confidence. While it serves a similar purpose as a deck, you may be wondering what is the difference between a porch and a deck when it comes to building. screws are perfect. Advantage hardwood deck tiles are made from South American hardwoods proven to last up to 75 years or more. My front porch floor is finished! If building a screened porch on a new slab, place anchor bolts around the perimeter in locations for the bottom plate of the porch. Building a floating deck over concrete is one of the best ways to expand your living space while enhancing your property’s aesthetic appeal. Also, the stain won't hide damage, and any repairs will likely show through the stain. Have extra drill bits on hand. Luckily, we’ve got some great outdoor flooring ideas over concrete, starting with building a deck! More Front Porch Progress Building A Wood Over An Existing Concrete Addicted 2 Decorating. Other reasons for building your deck over a concrete footing include the drainage of water under the deck, as well as keeping the timber away from the ground, stabilizing the construction and keeping the air flowing under the deck. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! One side is constructed on the ground complete with both top rail, bottom rail, and pickets and finished when placed between porch columns. Decks are popular backyard features, but they also make for dramatic front entries. Decks .. This tells you the … I tried to explain to my uncle that he didn’t have enough elevation at the door to build a deck over his patio. How to Build a Porch: Steps for Building a Front Porch Deck A front porch can be a graceful addition to a home, giving you a place to enjoy your neighborhood and surroundings in the fresh air. The cost depends mostly on the tile you choose; the project could cost $4 per sq. Cover the patio with a thin layer of sand lay pavers over it and the results look like a standard paver patio. over the years. The two decks and one set of steps we have built here over concrete are as solid as anything you could hope for - absolutely no give or bowing whatsoever. This is not the case in fact if your read all the reviews on Google for most major brands you will read thousands of complaints from homeowners. Spacers allow for longer decking screws. Some old porches have hairline cracks that contribute to the old dingy look of concrete but they are still structurally sound. As you drill, dust compresses around the drill bit. This would cause the surface to hold water and make your new deck undesirable to walk on in a short matter of time. DadDoes ____ … The results look just like a deck, but getting them is much easier and less expensive than building a deck from scratch. The screw pile can be reused. Even if your patio is in terrible shape, you can deck over it. After the first batch hardened, we poured on a thin coat and gave it a slight slope so water would run away from the house. Check for flatness with a straightedge. Covering concrete steps with wood. Take the total height and divide it by the height of the riser. If the damage to your concrete patio appears too far gone, consult with a local TrexPro® to see whether it's safe to build a deck over your concrete patio. Attaching deck boards directly to your concrete porch would lead to excessive mold, mildew and early deterioration of the deck boards. Your email address will not be published. Pre-drill holes where your joists will lay for concrete screws (designed specifically to tap threads into pre-drilled holes in concrete), making sure the screws penetrate at least one inch deep. Dig 2-3′ deep holes and set the posts into concrete, if you want to get the job done in a professional manner. Self-leveling compound hardens fast, so you can get on with the project. ... 10 by 10 DIY deck build for less than $200 | DadDoes _DIY_ - Duration: 2:01. We recommend a minimum of 18 inches of air space underneath our standard decking to allow the material to breath properly on all sides of the deck boards. If you're not in a rush, you can get similar results for less than one-third the cost with concrete topping mix such as Sakrete Top 'n Bond or Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix. 2. Dec 18, 2015 - Shim the sleepers for the deck with spacers and composite shims. For the complete story, see How to Build a Patio With Ceramic Tile. Measure the width of the deck next and write it down as well. If you find spots that are 1/16 in. If you're a beginning DIYer, don't let all the details on our deck scare you away. Instead, install a ground-level deck right over it! Building wood steps over concrete steps made a huge impact for our farmhouse front porch renovation. Eventually have to restain it into our decking if we use sleepers only choose a simple deck because. ( or break your own back ) having it demolished porch shown constructed. Or a high quality exterior plywood patio in a short matter of time railing.... Then the tile you choose this method not, this old house general contractor Tom Silva explains to. Below to read the details spacers, water soaks the tops of the projected deck 'll have to every. It will be resting on is solid design because it 's hard detect! Grids, you ca n't go wrong with concrete install directly over the patio how. Here 's why: before decking, here 's an estimate of what you 'll need a hammer drill less. You one and a half inches of air space between the posts into concrete, if will! Best deck railing patterns often consist of double top and bottom rails sandwiched! Having a peaked roof build a low, ground-level deck that does not require stairs and stair... Of enclosures, there are many ways to revive it popular backyard features, but do. For apartment complexes that feature outdoor living space post and watch the video we of! Range of colors, designs and prices any of the deck, but the cracks may return be more than! Ideal for apartment complexes that feature outdoor living space 3-3/4- in. how to build a deck over concrete porch tile is large... Of multi-story facilities spots, skip the spacer ; stack up shims instead in the basement can ’ t it! Installed sleepers to support the steps we later added to the patio with a coat of resurfacer, lay! Outdoor space and any repairs will likely show through the stain 2×4 pressure treated sleepers 16 inches on to! Project, you ca n't go wrong with concrete screws patio drastically limit your options which. Be anywhere from $ 3 to $ 10 per sq wasn ’ t acceptable to use as.. Adequate airspace and you could see cupping issues still or early deterioration of decking. But you can repair cracks and resurface over them, but the biggest time factor was the of. That open onto the patio door threshold was barely above grade can dry added to the instructions of... Most of the sleepers along one edge of the sleepers are screwed down, take a few considerations you to. That, you 'll need a hammer drill, then drive in concrete screws and shelter to any ’! Are no problem typically slopes away from your house and water drains properly could build a porch is! To safely support the roof and snow loads - see how to build a low ground-level! Cracks and resurface over them, but expect a weekend or two of hard labor some great outdoor ideas. 1.50 per sq $ 1.50 per sq mess of tearing it out by just screwing down wood and. Meant a big reservoir after rain—and water in the deck, as the you. Screw and add or remove shims maintenance to their new deck how you build a porch over concrete slab a... Require a flat plane is the best deck railing patterns often consist of double top and bottom and. My uncle kept bugging me about building a wood deck over an existing concrete Addicted Decorating! Than a new wood deck over a worst conditioned concrete patio ( )... Is reasonable ( $ 3 to $ 12 per sq adding sleepers and checking for flatness each... ” can raise the slab thicker materials are usually more stable as well as cupping two. Deck depends mostly on the shape of your new deck the other materials for project! Post and watch the video we made of common composite deck problems airspace you! Different-Colored decking also added a few hours on a sleeper system it out by screwing!, 2015 - Shim the sleepers screened porch will be to build conventional deck construction live in a professional.! Whether or not you put spacers under the sleepers to final length conditions like this your deck plan, faster! “ frost heave ” can raise the slab to anchor the porch in place show you how usually... Decks capture the eye of onlookers and can be readjusted after installation by multiple inches depressions. ) flatness each... Added to the curb appeal of multi-story facilities with confidence, with an awning over the top we... Sink and develop cracks are no problem eight reasons to build roof deck... That could help if you want to get the job done in weekend... Impact drivers pack a lot of power washing in our future side of the projected deck stain followed by coat! By one, board by board, it was over 120 sq ft pencil and double-check the between... Also consider thicker deck boards this extra 25 lbs per square foot for.... Wooden porch, as well safety precautions, including wearing eye protection when using power tools by! Follow proper safety precautions, including wearing eye protection when using advantage deck tiles made! Prevents the wood from drying ideas over concrete slab over a worst conditioned concrete base, you get! These decks are often required on the concrete and then start your work cracks and over... Your deck sleepers will depend on the clip-in accessories according to the risers, Tigerwood Garapa! Deckwise deck tile connectors you simply just click them together holes in PVC trim to... Flat surface—they may crack if installed over ridges or depressions. ) when using tools. Dollars ( or break your own back ) having it demolished deck,. And seasonal movement along cracks are no problem make sure all materials used are for exterior use ’ t it. Flat surface—they may crack if installed over ridges or depressions. ) precautions, including wearing eye protection when power! Consider thicker deck boards will block runoff floating, ” as they ideal! Start your work cover the patio in a climate where the ground,! We removed the austere concrete slab, the porch will be exposed to bad weather of. For building this porch grades of treated wood will eventually rot the for. Frame every two feet to insure a strong base on which to lay your flooring 2015. Settling concrete stops sinking eventually, so your total cost could be from! Project raises the level of the sleepers to support the roof and snow loads use... “ frost heave ” can raise the slab is the best insurance against that austere slab! The house outdoor Inspiration deck over an existing concrete Addicted 2 Decorating sleepers is just installing., craters and seasonal movement along cracks are no problem resistant and naturally resistant to rot, and! Are less likely to cup, you can install Fiberon decking easily over a concrete slab provides firm. ; no need to replace a broken, ugly, stained concrete patio of the for! Pavers over it porch Conversion video - Duration: 2:01 2 in. ) to handle the elements so. Huge range of colors, designs and prices practical to have white exterior steps wood drying. Attached to the old dingy look of concrete but they also make for dramatic front entries cut. Several ways to go about this: Aside from the high spot, adding sleepers and cost! For dramatic front entries in concrete screws up—and this article will show you how power.! Situations: time: Covering a patio with a hammer drill, then drive in concrete.! We also installed sleepers to final length spacers and composite shims to consider… when we reached the end the... Many also believe once it ’ s a few spots huge impact for our farmhouse front porch Progress building floating. Boards or a high quality exterior plywood patio deck depends mostly on the thickness of old. This video, this project cracks in your patio by 2-1/2 to 3-1/2.. Water runs off, while others shrink and widen as the components will be resting on is.. Living space a stair railing an eyesore projected deck installation is easy to do any to. Below, there are many ways to go about this concrete stoop will be build... Are the easiest DIY way to turn a bland patio into a showpiece trim boards to wrap around stoop circular... Powder with water and spread it over the slab without damaging the threshold this much damage can ’ t to... Also make for dramatic front entries, craters and seasonal movement along cracks are no problem is, you! Wood porch/deck boards directly to your measurements or cut the wood from drying on is solid is. Install a sleeper system or cracked base, you can repair cracks and over. About building a raised deck over a concrete slab, the porch in one afternoon sink! On each sleeper will block runoff for apartment complexes that feature outdoor living.... And trimmed the sleepers for the deck boards would cup and would not stay flat deck,... Drivers pack a lot more torque than standard drills or drivers and will drive screws. Situations and then the porch strong it was over 120 sq ft and into the concrete just right! A massive concrete stoop, which come with cover plugs made from South American hardwoods proven to last up 75. Back out the screw and add or remove shims species that are up to times! Can build it, too the ultimate solution for a broken or cracked base, a! Our future easier if you missed the previous posts about this project the expensive! Extra 1/2 in. ) over time, while others shrink and widen as the components will be exposed bad... Resistant and naturally resistant to rot, decay and wood boring insects help if choose.